Periodontal (gum) disease is one of the most frequently treated dental problems.
Many people, especially if they haven’t been properly brushing and flossing, begin to have problems with their gums as they get older. Gum disease is a deepening of the sulcus – the v-shaped cavity between the gums and the teeth. This deepening or receding occurs when there is an infection or disease in the gums, which can even lead to bone loss and tooth mobility. Thoroughly brushing twice daily with a soft-bristled toothbrush and properly flossing daily will help to prevent gum disease along with a professional cleaning every 3 – 6 months. Once gum disease has set in, there are dental procedures a dentist can implement to help heal a patient’s gums.
Periodontal disease surgical procedures:
- Pocket Reduction Procedure – The dentist will pull the gum off the tooth or teeth and do a thorough cleaning of that area, and then replace and re-attach the gums to the tooth or teeth.
- Regenerative Procedure – If a problem with the patient’s bone growth in the mouth persists, the dentist will pull the gum from the teeth and then use a technique to encourage bone growth.
- Crown Lengthening – A periodontal treatment where the dentist will move the visible gum line farther from the tip of the tooth to change a “gummy” smile into a more aesthetic smile.
- Tissue Grafting – If there is a major problem with a patient’s gum growth, the doctor will take some soft tissue from the palate or another place on the body, and graft it onto the patient’s gums to encourage and stimulate growth and gum health.